A Step by Step Guide to Unilateral Knee Replacement Surgery

Chronic knee pain can be a life-limiting factor for the quality of life that reduces physical activity and makes daily living a burden. When conservative treatment doesn’t work, unilateral knee replacement surgery appears to be a life-changing procedure for freedom from pain. Herein, we outline all stages of unilateral knee replacement surgery as an option – so patients know exactly what to expect before, during, and after the procedure.

Preparations Before The Unilateral Knee Replacement

1. Consultation and Assessment

The best knee replacement surgeon in Jaipur will review medical records and run some laboratory tests (X-ray or MRI) to quantify the damage level to the knee joint. So, this will help to understand the region that needs surgery.

2. Educational Sessions

Education is usually one of the components of the surgery treatment plan patients are given. Patients have access to the materials that they read, where they understand the surgical processes, potential complications, and what to do after post-surgery. 

Hence, this leads to the development of patient awareness.

3. Pre-operative Assessments:

A patient has to undergo considerable preoperative examinations before participating in unilateral knee replacement. That includes blood tests, electrocardiograms (ECG), as well as other diagnostic exams, all of them aiming at uncovering a patient’s suitability for surgery and identification of any risks that might occur during it.

On The Day Of Total Knee Arthroplasty Surgery

1. Admission and Preoperative Preparations:

The patient will go to the hospital, complete the admission process, and undergo the preoperative guidelines before the surgery. Then, the doctor will administer anesthesia. 

2. Incision and Surgery Procedure: 

After this, the surgery begins. The surgeon makes an incision in the affected region to access the damaged area. 

3. Removal Of Damaged Joint:

Following the incision, the next step of unilateral knee replacement surgery is the removal of the damaged bones and cartilage. Then, the surgeon prepares the region to accommodate the implant.

4. Implant Installation:

High-grade artificial joint components made of metal and plastic are carefully implanted onto prepared bone surfaces in order to replace damaged joints. This implant aims to improve functionality and relieve pain.

Post-Surgery Recovery 

1. Immediate Postoperative Care: 

Ideally, post-surgery recovery begins within 24 to 72 hours following treatment, with immediate postoperative care being administered immediately post-surgery for best recovery outcomes.

After the unilateral knee replacement surgery, patients go to the recovery room. The doctors closely observe the patient in the recovery room before for continued monitoring and pain management. Medication or physical therapy will begin immediately to assist the recovery process and expedite healing time.

2. Early Mobilization:

Physical therapy plays an integral part in early recovery. Patients should begin moving the knee with assistance from a therapist to increase blood flow and decrease stiffness. This leads to speeding healing time and reducing stiffness.

3. Hospital Stay:

Hospital stays following the unilateral knee replacement surgery typically last 1-3 days. The best orthopedic hospital in Jaipur monitors the patient’s progression, manage pain management strategies, and advise postoperative care instructions.

4. Transition to Rehabilitation:

A patient’s path to recovery does not end after they leave the hospital. They continue receiving physical therapy treatment at outpatient clinics. Hence, this strengthens the replaced knee, increases its mobility, and enhances its functions.

5. Long-Term Follow-Up:

The orthopedic surgeon continues to conduct periodic check-ups to confirm that the knee replacement is progressing well. These visits primarily will include imaging studies to check that the implant is stable and functions well in the long term.

Benefits Of Unilateral Knee Replacement Surgery

1. Pain Relief:

Bilateral joint replacement surgery has a great reputation for providing pain relief. Individuals with osteoarthritis with chronic knee pain will expect to find relief as the surgery eliminates the destroyed cartilage and bone, instead replaced by bio-compatible artificial joint components. 

One of the most positive impacts of pain management in patients is the relief of pain which makes the patient more comfortable and as a result more mobile.

2. Improved Joint Function:

The procedure will bring back balance and stability to the knee joint, which enables the outstanding function of the joint. Patient’s daily activities like walking, climbing the stairs and bending the knee become less arduous with their capability to perform them. Thus, this function enhances the accomplishment of tasks in everyday life and makes it active and independent.

3. Enhanced Mobility:

The main advantage of unilateral knee replacement is to restore mobility. With losing pain and strengthening joint function as symptoms, patients face increased mobility. These new possibilities unleash the courage of all individuals to participate in activities that, in earlier times, they could ignore, thus making life more meaningful and active.

4. Long-Term Durability:

Today, there are many different types of technological advancements in the areas of surgical techniques and implant materials that have largely contributed to the durability of knee replacement surgeries. Although the individual cases may be different, there is a common pattern that many patients will experience great benefits for a long time, with their artificial joints having a potential lifespan of several decades. 

Risks Associated With Unilateral Knee Replacement Surgery

As such, patients experiencing negative effects after surgery are very rare. Nevertheless, there are risks associated with surgeries and medical care, such as infections, blood clots, implant loosening, and allergy reactions due to anesthesia. Recent advancements have substantially lessened the occurrence of these complications.


Unilateral knee replacement surgery gives new hope to people who suffer chronic knee pain. By understanding all its intricacies and actively engaging in their recovery journey, individuals can embark on the road towards pain-free living. Always consult a healthcare provider for customized advice tailored specifically to their unique medical requirements.

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